Emerging Mobility | The Tnc Regulatory Landscape Report

Passenger enters a Lyft vehicleThe Transportation Authority and SFMTA are creating a series of reports that will answer key questions about ride-hail companies, also known as Transportation Network Companies, or TNCs. “The TNC Regulatory Landscape” report provides an overview of existing state and local TNC regulatory frameworks across the country and within California.

This is the second in a series of reports to address important analytic and policy topics regarding TNCs. This report is currently in draft form and will be finalized in the coming months. In the meantime, we invite both state and local stakeholders to provide additional information. Future reports will address additional topics in depth, including the effects of TNCs on roadway congestion, public transit operations and ridership, disabled access, safety, and equity.

The TNC Regulatory Landscape: An Overview of Current TNC Regulation
in California and Across the Country

The rapid expansion of ride-hail companies across the country over the last seven years has led to a wide range of new policy and legislative measures at both state and local levels. At the state level, regulation of TNCs is driven primarily by concerns around safety, liability, and fares. In addition, dozens of cities and counties across the country have enacted their own policies to regulate TNC operation within their boundaries.

TNC Regulatory Framework in California

The California Public Utilities Commission oversees statewide policies for TNCs, and is currently engaged in Phase III of a rulemaking process to refine regulations for these companies. In addition to existing state regulations, there are local business registration requirements and airport permit requirements in place in some areas of the state, including San Francisco. Learn more about the TNC regulatory framework in California.

TNC Regulatory Framework in other Jurisdictions

Most states now have TNC regulatory frameworks in place, but the extent of the rules and regulations vary widely. In most cases, states with major metropolitan centers allow those jurisdictions to establish more specific regulations or provide financial support from state fees to mitigate local impacts.


Download a copy of the draft report “The TNC Regulatory Landscape: An Overview of Current TNC Regulation in California and Across the Country.”

Download a copy of the TNC regulatory landscape fact sheet for this report.


If you have questions about "The TNC Regulatory Landscape," or are interested in a research collaboration, please contact Warren Logan, Senior Transportation Planner, at emerging-mobility@sfcta.org.

Photo courtesy Elvert Barnes via flickr Commons.